Marijuana, or also known as cannabis, has always been a subject of controversy, especially in the field of traditional medicine, since in recent years a wide variety of options have emerged for consuming the plant and obtaining benefits in the body, especially in people suffering from cancer.
Chemical compounds of Marijuana
First of all, it is important to understand its origin and natural composition, which is why we will now talk about the plant and then the benefits that certain components bring to the health of many people.
The main chemical compound that predominates in the cannabis plant is tetrahydrocannabinol, known by the acronym THC. However, the plant is home to more than 400 different chemical compounds among which we find 66 cannabinoids different from THC, some of the most representative being the following:
Cannabidiol or CBD. It has an anxiolytic and relaxing effect.
Cannabinol or CBN. Its consumption usually implies a reduction of the heart rate and some anticonvulsive effects. It has hardly any psychoactive action.
Cannabigerol or CBG. It does not have psychoactive properties of any kind but it does have important antibiotic properties. It also serves to reduce intraocular pressure.
Cannabicromene or CBC. It has anti-inflammatory and sedative effects.
All these chemical components of cannabis cause different effects from THC but they all have one thing in common: they act directly on our central nervous system when we consume them.
Medical use of CBD for cancer patients
However, the use of cannabidiol, in the form of an extract or oil of CBD, has gained much attention in recent years because of its potential therapeutic properties, especially for the management of the complications and symptoms inherent in different types of cancer.
In the United States, the use of medical marijuana is legal in 33 states.
“Cannabidiol offers hope for a non-toxic therapy that can treat aggressive forms of cancer without any of the side effects of chemotherapy,” says McAllister, who is seeking support for clinical trials of the marijuana compound in breast cancer patients. Cannabis and Cannabinoids (PDQ®)–Health Professional Version
While marijuana becomes a topic of discussion because of its chemical components and recreational use, it is clear that on a medical level its properties are promising, even in very advanced cancer cases, not only for treatment but also for prevention.
Its use in traditional medicine is resonating more and more and is being studied to obtain more precise results and to start applying them in certain types of cancer and treatments. If there is one thing that is indisputable, it is that within the medical scientific community, the discovery of the anti-tumour properties of cannabinoids is being increasingly recognised as a seminal advance in cancer therapy.